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White-board animation on durable solutions and displacement

ReDSS presents its first online tutorial  on displacement and durable solutions in the East and Horn of Africa. The tutorial using a 5 minute white board animation, provides:

  • Information on displacement situations and trends in East Africa and Somalia in particular
  • A brief overview of key durable solutions concepts and definitions
  • A quiz to assess learning
  • Additional resources on displacement and durable solutions

Refer to ReDSS solutions tutorial page to view the animation and additional resources

Local integration Focus: Refugees in Ethiopia

ReDSS has conducted a solutions analysis identifying gaps and opportunities to inform local integration planning and programing for refugees who have been in Ethiopia for over 20 years residing in camps and urban areas of Gambela and Somali regions. The analysis is based on the ReDSS Solutions framework and involves a very participatory and consensus building approach including consultations and validation workshops with displacement affected communities and other key stakeholders.

Following the 2016 Leaders’ Summit held in New York,  the Government of Ethiopia made nine pledges to strengthen its support to refugees, shifting from a ‘care and maintenance’ or camp-based model of  refugee assistance to an approach which emphasizes refugee self-reliance, refugee mobility in-country and the integration of refugees into regional and national development processes. In light of these commitments, local integration of refugees has become a possibility; but more efforts are required to assess how it can be made an operational and sustainable reality. To translate this into an operational outcome, a whole of society approach is required: bringing together development and humanitarian actors, government, civil society organizations and private sector with the participation of communities to change the status quo in camp and urban settings.

The findings and recommendations from this analysis are currently being discussed with the government of Ethiopia and key stakeholders. It is hoped that the analysis will contribute to informing the implementation of the “local integration pledge” (pledge 6), the ongoing Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) discussion, and the implementation of IGAD’s comprehensive plan of action for Somali refugees and returnees.
Refer to Ethiopia solutions analysis page for the full report, executive summary and presentation.

ReDSS infographic on EU-REINTEG Programme in Somalia

The EU RE-INTEG Programme (Enhancing Somalia’s responsiveness to the management and reintegration of mixed migration flows) is funded by the European Union and seeks to support sustainable re-integration of refugee returnees and IDPs in Somalia. The programme also seeks to enhance the capacities of the Somalia government and local authorities to assume their primary responsibility for facilitating durable solutions through an increased accessibility to basic services and creation of livelihoods. The EU is working with five consortia (four NGO-led and one UN-led) to achieve result area three across Somalia and Somaliland. The NGO-led consortia include: Somaliland Durable Solutions Consortium (SDSC) led by World Vision; Enhancing Integration of Displacement Affected Communities in Somalia (EIDACS) led by Concern World Wide; Jubaland Solutions Consortium (JSC) led by Norwegian Refugee Council and the Durable Solutions for IDPs and Returnees in Somalia (DSIRS) led by Care.

ReDSS is leading the knowledge management and learning component for three of the EU RE-INTEG’s NGO consortiums (EIDACS, JSC and SDSC) while coordinating with UNHabitat and DSIRS’ consortia (IMPACT is the research and knowledge management lead for DSIRS).

Download ReDSS infographic on the programme here

Recommendations on Durable solutions for the Global compact on refugees

Durable solutions are an essential element of global refugee response and governance founded in human rights. Forced displacement violates human rights and undermines human dignity and human development potentials. Bringing an end to forced displacement is crucial for affected human beings but is also of benefit for societies and States. Durable solutions are critical to the sustainability of development – both as a catalyst for development and as mitigation of potential negative impacts of prolonged displacement. This brief highlights six key priority areas and 10 recommendations related to durable solutions for refugees that should be reflected in the Programme of Action of the Global Compact on Refugees. It draws on our collective history as operational organizations, our engagement in the global policy dialogues, and our experiences in CRRF pilot and non-pilot countries. In developing the Programme of Action, we ask Member States to expand the availability to all three durable solutions and to ensure solutions are comprehensive and high quality.

Click  here for the full policy brief

Accountability for refugee protection and solutions in a ‘whole of society approach’

On 4th December, the Danish Refugee Council and the Permanent Mission to Denmark to the UN hosted
an event in Geneva to reflect on the implications of the supposed ‘system change’ emanating from the
CRRF. The event was attended by 35 participants from NGOs, UNHCR, ICRC and members state missions
in Geneva. DRC Staff from East Africa, the Middle East, and global programmes shared experience and
thoughts on three key issues relevant for the Global Compact on Refugees and its Programme of Action,
and for the continued roll-out of the CRRF: 1) What does it take to create space for refugees and host
communities in comprehensive, multi-stakeholder responses? 2) Will a multi-stakeholder response
dilute or enforce accountability for refugee protection and solutions? 3) What new role will NGOs have
in a reformed response modality?

Click here for the event summary report and refer to the full report on our E-library.

Half-day learning event on durable solutions, resilience and Somali led processes

Walter Kaelin recommends to ‘prioritise funding that creates incentives for UN agencies and NGOs to work together towards collective outcomes and that enhance government’s ownership‘. Ahead of a number of multi-year resilience and durable solution programmes that will start in 2018; ReDSS in collaboration with the Rift Valley Institute, Centre for Humanitarian Change and the Somalia NGO Consortium organized a half-day learning event on durable solutions, resilience and Somali led processes. The main objective of this event was to discuss how to support a collaborative and participatory process to generate greater collective engagement in durable solutions approaches in Somalia.

The event was divided into 2 sessions which used participatory and consensus building methodologies to maximise experience from across different organisations and approaches to:

  1. Get on the same page – first steps towards common approaches to support Durable solutions processes 
  • What does resilience mean for durable solutions and vice versa in the Somalia context?
  • What would a common vision for Somali-driven solutions look like?
  1. How to take this forward to inform collective approaches and area-based programming?

Click here for all background documents on durable solutions, resilience and localisation in Somalia and here for the final report

Consulting communities through two-way dialogue to inform the Global Compact on Refugees

ReDSS members put resources and expertise together to support communities’ consultations in three countries rolling out the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) using a participatory process known as the People First Impact Methodology (P-FIM). P-FIM is a simple methodology which fully allows communities to speak for themselves. The starting point for the two-way discussions is people and communities, rather than organizations and projects. Lessons learned from various programmes across the region indicate that many interventions are undertaken without proper planning on community entry or the community engagement process. This leads to a lack of dialogue with communities, inaccurate interventions, and the raising of inaccurate community expectations which result in a lack of community ownership and unsustainable projects. The consultations are supported by the Danish Embassy in Kenya and Somalia. Full report will be available in January 2018.

Download full terms of reference here.

SPARK Kenya documentary: “A journey through my city”

This documentary is a unique fi­lm story about Kakuma residents with personal stories from Turkana host community and refugees. It highlights that while refugees and displaced populations are in need of assistance, they have capacities as well as vulnerabilities. Rather than assuming a need for indefinite care and maintenance, interventions should nurture such capacities. The documentary also places emphasis on the importance of enhancing social cohesion between refugees and the host communities (Turkana) to mitigate potential conflict. This film is the product of the SPARK Livelihoods programme which is a DFID (UK Aid) funded programme being implemented by five agencies (Danish Refugee Council, Film aid, Norwegian Refugee Council, Handicap International, and Action Africa Help International) operating in Kakuma, in Kenya.

Watch full video here

ReDSS/RVI/IGAD Learning event on self-reliance and resilience

On 5 October 2017, the Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS), in collaboration with the Rift Valley Institute (RVI) and the Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) supported by the Danish Embassy in Kenya and Somalia, convened a half-day learning event on ‘Self-reliance and resilience for displacement affected communities in the region’. The event brought together 63 participants from government, development, humanitarian, refugees, academia and private sector stakeholders to discuss how self-reliance and resilience approaches can be best applied in forced displacement contexts. In line with ReDSS commitments and recommendations to putting displacement affected communities at the center, refugees were able to share their own personal experiences on attaining self-reliance and resilience. This aided in framing the event through the eyes of the refugees.

Download full report here and other useful resources from the event here.

Advocacy brief on making the Global Compact on Refugees work for all women and girls

Approximately half of the total number of refugees are women or girls. To meet the promise of the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants, the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) and its Programme of Action must specifically address their rights and needs at every stage of displacement. This brief presents recommendations from non-governmental organizations (NGOs) committed to refugee responses that advance gender equality and respond fully to the concerns of refugee women and girls. Extensive consultation with refugee women and girls throughout the development of the GCR is also vitally important.

Download full advocacy brief here