ReDSS annual report is a reflection of our impact, key accomplishments, challenges and engagement with our members in 2017. We would like to thank our members, external partners and donors for their continued support, engagement and commitment to do more and better together in the search for durable solutions in the East and Horn of Africa region. Click here for the report and here for a summary presentation and 2018/2020 focus and priorities.
ReDSS analysis of solutions programming in urban contexts focuses on urban refugees in Nairobi, Kenya and IDPs and refugee-returnees in Mogadishu and Baidoa in Somalia. The report aimed to better understand and address displaced people’s vulnerabilities and aspirations in urban centers and to rethink support in more sustainable and empowering ways. The methodology was based on participatory and consensus building approach including consultations and validation workshops with displacement affected communities, policy makers and practitioners.
The displacement environment in the Horn of Africa is primarily one of encampment however increasingly internally displaced persons (IDPs), returning refugees and to a lesser extent refugees are moving to towns and cities. Kenya for instance hosts some 65,000 urban refugees (or 13% of its total refugee population). In Somalia, over 2 million children, women and men are internally displaced. Most people displaced by drought left rural parts of Bay, Lower Shabelle, and Sool and settled in urban areas such as Mogadishu and Baidoa. The population of Baidoa has doubled in the past 12 months.
Urban displaced often join marginalized neighborhoods effectively become hidden in their host city, while others remain part of the visible urban poor further exacerbating their vulnerabilities. Such a sudden and rapid influx of large populations compounds difficulties that cities already face in the highly urbanized regions, leading to overcrowding of informal settlements and increasing demand for urban services, land, jobs, and housing.
New approaches are needed for effective humanitarian-development coordination to find solutions to urban displacement, using area based planning processes led by municipalities and authorities. A comprehensive response to urban displacement won’t involve a one-size-fits-all solution, it must be a multi-stakeholder approach that improves the business-enabling environment for everyone—refugees and host communities alike.
Click below to access the full report, executive summary and power point presentation on key findings and recommendations. The report was funded by ECHO and the Danish Embassy for Kenya and Somalia.
Since 2015, an annual average of more than 155,000 individuals have been evicted across Somalia. Mogadishu and Baidoa are so far the worst affected towns, with thousands of people being evicted from both public and private infrastructure. Forced evictions in Somalia disproportionately affect internally displaced persons (IDPs). These evictions are often unlawful and violate the full range of civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights enshrined in various international instruments. IDPs are unable to access and assert their basic rights, mainly due to insecure land tenure arrangements in IDP settlements. This has interrupted the ongoing reintegration processes in Somalia as well as undermined collective efforts to assist IDPs accelerate their path to recovery and attain durable solutions.
This one-pager brief outlines key recommendations that promote an inclusive and rights-based approach to evictions, with a view to support a long-term solution for IDPs at risk. There is an urgent need to strengthen the regulatory environment for forced evictions in Somalia and measures to address social exclusion of marginalized communities in order to mitigate the needs and risks of IDPs.
Click here to download full one pager.
ReDSS presents its first online tutorial on displacement and durable solutions in the East and Horn of Africa. The tutorial using a 5 minute white board animation, provides:
- Information on displacement situations and trends in East Africa and Somalia in particular
- A brief overview of key durable solutions concepts and definitions
- A quiz to assess learning
- Additional resources on displacement and durable solutions
Refer to ReDSS solutions tutorial page to view the animation and additional resources
ReDSS has conducted a solutions analysis identifying gaps and opportunities to inform local integration planning and programing for refugees who have been in Ethiopia for over 20 years residing in camps and urban areas of Gambela and Somali regions. The analysis is based on the ReDSS Solutions framework and involves a very participatory and consensus building approach including consultations and validation workshops with displacement affected communities and other key stakeholders.
Following the 2016 Leaders’ Summit held in New York, the Government of Ethiopia made nine pledges to strengthen its support to refugees, shifting from a ‘care and maintenance’ or camp-based model of refugee assistance to an approach which emphasizes refugee self-reliance, refugee mobility in-country and the integration of refugees into regional and national development processes. In light of these commitments, local integration of refugees has become a possibility; but more efforts are required to assess how it can be made an operational and sustainable reality. To translate this into an operational outcome, a whole of society approach is required: bringing together development and humanitarian actors, government, civil society organizations and private sector with the participation of communities to change the status quo in camp and urban settings.