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Informal Settlement Managers: Perception and reality in informal IDP camps in Mogadishu

Internal displacement | April 2018 | Tana

This paper builds on the previous extensive political-economy analysis across ten different settlements in Mogadishu already published by Tana Copenhagen. Based on this background information, in-depth interviews were undertaken with three informal settlements managers and nine internally displaced people conducted in November 2016 and January 2017.

The Impact of Refugee Presence on Host Populations in Tanzania

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | April 2018 | World Bank

This desk review was conducted against this backdrop of the new global commitment to protecting refugees and better supporting the countries and communities that host them. As such, this review provides a brief history of refugee policy and practice in Tanzania; an overview of the impacts/outcomes along different variables (e.g., jobs, health, etc.); investments in the resilience of both refugees and local communities; a list of lessons and policy/practice options that can be gleaned from an analysis of the studies’ findings both in terms of refugee impact and humanitarian/development impact/response; and a brief taxonomy of areas for possible further research and understanding.

Rapid Conflict Assessment in Kyaka II Refugee Settlement, Uganda

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | April 2018 | DRC

This analysis begins by providing a brief background into Kyaka II refugee settlement and the causes of current displacement from DR Congo. It then turns to a section on the impact of the new arrivals in Kyaka II, discussing in particular the economic and social implications of the refugee influx and how these cause tension between old and new refugees, as well as to a lesser extent, refugees and the host community. The report concludes with some recommendations on aspects to consider for the management of inter-group relations in Kyaka II.

Kakuma as a marketplace

Refugee economies | April 2018 | IFC

The aim of this study is to better understand Kakuma as a potential market and identify business opportunities and challenges for the private sector. The study identified three types of players that might benefit from its findings: commercial firms (banks, microfinance institutions, telecommunications companies, and small and medium enterprises from other sectors); social enterprises (companies that look to attain and maximize financial, social, and environmental impacts); and local entrepreneurs (from the refugee and host communities). By collecting empirical data on revenues, consumption patterns, consumer preferences, and financial transactions in the refugee camp and neighboring town, the study addresses the lack of market information that is necessary for the identified private sector players to start or scale up their operations in the Kakuma area.

From Response to Resilience

Urban displacement and solutions | February 2018 | IRC

This paper draws on the IRC’s collaboration with two municipal authorities, the Greater Amman Municipality (GAM) and the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA). The IRC first worked with Amman, a member of the 100RC network, to support their city resilience planning. While Kampala is not in the 100RC network, the IRC replicated its approach in Amman with KCCA to support their own plans and strategies and bring an urban resilience lens to displacement within Kampala.

Africa report on internal displacement

Internal displacement | December 2017 | IDMC

IDMC’s second report on internal displacement in Africa highlights the severity of the continent’s continuing displacement crisis. There were at least 12.6 million people living in internal displacement as of the end of 2016, and 3.9 million new displacements were recorded during the same year. At least 37 of Africa’s 55 countries across every region were affected.

Whose responsibility? Accountability for refugee protection

Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework | December 2017 | DRC & HERE Geneva

This report aims to shed light on what it takes for the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) to result in positive changes – better protection and solutions outcomes – for refugees and host communities, and how potential risks associated with this change process can be mitigated. It expresses a commitment to understand the forthcoming changes and to make the best of them for refugees and their host communities

Refugee and host communities relations in Western Tanzania

Local integration and transitional solutions | December 2017 | DRC

This report explores causes and triggers of conflicts, but also elements of positive relationships, between Burundian refugees in Nduta and Mtendeli refugee camps and Tanzanian host communities in neighboring villages. The report begins by deconstructing and disaggregating the broad notion of ‘host communities’, exploring the nuance that exists within this monolithic and sometimes rather unhelpful category. It also explores the shared historical continuities and discontinuities between Burundian refugees and Tanzanian host communities, exploring memories, social and economic connections and existing mutual social stereotypes constructed between different groups.

Somalia: Not Time to Go Home

Return and reintergration processes | December 2017 | Amnesty International

In 2016, Amnesty International documented that Somali refugees in Dadaab, Kenya, were effectively coerced into returning. This follow-up briefing focuses on the situation in Somalia to which they returned. This briefing concludes that the current context in Somalia is not conducive to returns. The Governments of Kenya and Somalia, and UNHCR, should halt returns until they meet the requirements of voluntariness, safety and dignity, and the international community should provide more support to Kenya and Somalia, including assistance for refugees and IDPs.

Recognising Nairobi’s Refugees

Urban solutions and programming | November 2017 | NRC

This report provides a snapshot of the challenges urban refugees have experienced—generally from 2014 onwards—obtaining documents from the Government of Kenya or UNHCR in Nairobi that recognise their status as refugees. It also explores the significance of these documents to refugees and the consequences that flow from lack of documentation.