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Land and conflict

Peace-building and governance | October 2018 | UNHABITAT , IIR & GLTN

This book draws on nine cases from around the world of how land and conflict are being addressed: in Honduras, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Peru, Brazil and Colombia. The cases are drawn from different stages in the conflict cycle, from emergency, peace and stability operations, through recovery to development. They include both urban and rural settings, and situations involving extractives, food security, urban reconstruction and development.

Twenty Years of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement

Internal displacement | October 2018 | Forced Migration Review

In this issue, authors acknowledge the applications and successes of the Guiding Principles while reflecting on their limitations, the challenges to their implementation, their relevance to contemporary incidences and different drivers of internal displacement, future challenges that might have to be faced, and the potential application of new understandings and new approaches.

Supporting Kakuma’s Refugee Traders: The Importance of Business Documentation in an Informal Economy

Refugee economies | September 2018 | NRC & IHRC

This research and the recommendations will contribute to broader discussions related to policy changes that can allow refugees in Kenya to be self-reliant, and contribute effectively to the economies of the Counties in which they are hosted, while they wait for a more durable solution.

Youth migration intentions in Afghanistan and Somalia

Job creation and economic opportunities | September 2018 | Mercy Corps and Samuel Hall

This research brief tests these hypotheses from a ‘country of origin’ perspective and assesses what individual decisions leading to economic migration are made of. How can researchers understand the root of this complex decision-making process? This research brief presents findings from the impact evaluations of six different datasets to propose an alternative approach to international cooperation on migration in countries of origin.

Skills development, job creation, and migration intentions in Afghanistan and Somalia

Job creation and economic opportunities | September 2018 | Mercy Corps and Samuel Hall

This research brief intends to test such a common sense hypothesis of ‘root causes’ and ‘solutions’ by exploring the actual impact of youth employment and skills development initiatives in Afghanistan and Somalia. The analysis uses 12,200 quantitative interviews with youth from six data sets collected by Samuel Hall and Mercy Corps to evaluate the impact of past programming on the tendency of youth to (re)migrate. Additional focus group discussions were conducted in Somalia, Afghanistan, Greece, and Italy, to complement and nuance the quantitative findings.

Displaced in Cities: Experiencing and responding to urban internal displacement outside camps

Urban displacement and solutions | August 2018 | ICRC

This report explores the experiences of people internally displaced in urban settings, outside camps, and their hosts. It also examines the humanitarian response, identifying promising approaches and challenges, and reflects on more effective ways of meeting the needs and expectations of people affected. The report draws on case studies conducted in Baidoa in Somalia, Maiduguri in Nigeria, Mosul in Iraq and San Pedro Sula in Honduras, on interviews with key informants and a literature review.

Self-Reliance in Kalobeyei?

Refugee economies | July 2018 | Refugee Studies Centre

This report makes a number of original contributions. First, it offers a basis on which to begin to measure the progressive self-reliance of refugees. Second, it focuses specifically on the challenges of achieving self-reliance among recently arrived refugees. Third, it offers a comparison of the degree of self-reliance achieved within two contrasting assistance models, which occupy different positions on a spectrum between an ‘aid model’ and a ‘self-reliance model’. Furthermore, it identifies policy recommendations for better promoting refugee self-reliance within Turkana County.

Listen to our voices

Internal displacement | July 2018 | HERE Geneva & DRC

The present report builds on this conclusion and takes a closer look at enablers and obstacles for refugee and host community participation. The report focuses in particular on durable solutions processes, such as global and regional policy discussions, and the making of national and local legislation and plans of action that concern local integration, resettlement, and voluntary repatriation or return. To ensure that the CRRF vehicles a ‘participation revolution’ in refugee response, this report is to provide concrete, realistic, and operational suggestions on what it takes to In this document, reference is made to refugees, internally-displaced persons (IDPs), people in refugee-like situations and host-communities. On occasion, the catch-all phrase of displacement-affected individuals and communities or people is used. ensure the inclusion, participation, and agency of displacement-affected people, which can inform the application of the Programme of Action. As such, this report targets both policy-makers engaged in developing the Global Compact on Refugees, and the stakeholders responsible for implementing the CRRF at country levels, including practitioners supporting refugee response operationally.

Economies: rights and access to work

Refugee economies | July 2018 | Forced Migration Review

When people are forced to leave their homes, they usually also leave behind their means of economic activity. In their new location, they may not be able, or permitted, to work. This has wide-ranging implications. This issue includes 22 articles on the main feature theme of Economies: rights and access to work. It also includes two ‘mini-features’, one on Refugee-led social protection and one on Humans and animals in refugee camps.

Return and (Re)Integration after Displacement

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | June 2018 | EU Research and evidence facility

This research aims to provide a contextualised and evidence-based analysis of the different factors that shape displacement, return and (re)integration in Somalia. Field research was conducted between January and May 2018 in Baidoa, Kismayo and Mogadishu, Somalia, and in Nairobi, Kenya. The research teams carried out qualitative primary data collection through semi-structured interviews and key informant interviews.