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Africa report on internal displacement

Internal displacement | December 2017 | IDMC

IDMC’s second report on internal displacement in Africa highlights the severity of the continent’s continuing displacement crisis. There were at least 12.6 million people living in internal displacement as of the end of 2016, and 3.9 million new displacements were recorded during the same year. At least 37 of Africa’s 55 countries across every region were affected.

Whose responsibility? Accountability for refugee protection

Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework | December 2017 | DRC & HERE Geneva

This report aims to shed light on what it takes for the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) to result in positive changes – better protection and solutions outcomes – for refugees and host communities, and how potential risks associated with this change process can be mitigated. It expresses a commitment to understand the forthcoming changes and to make the best of them for refugees and their host communities

Refugee and host communities relations in Western Tanzania

Local integration and transitional solutions | December 2017 | DRC

This report explores causes and triggers of conflicts, but also elements of positive relationships, between Burundian refugees in Nduta and Mtendeli refugee camps and Tanzanian host communities in neighboring villages. The report begins by deconstructing and disaggregating the broad notion of ‘host communities’, exploring the nuance that exists within this monolithic and sometimes rather unhelpful category. It also explores the shared historical continuities and discontinuities between Burundian refugees and Tanzanian host communities, exploring memories, social and economic connections and existing mutual social stereotypes constructed between different groups.

Somalia: Not Time to Go Home

Return and reintergration processes | December 2017 | Amnesty International

In 2016, Amnesty International documented that Somali refugees in Dadaab, Kenya, were effectively coerced into returning. This follow-up briefing focuses on the situation in Somalia to which they returned. This briefing concludes that the current context in Somalia is not conducive to returns. The Governments of Kenya and Somalia, and UNHCR, should halt returns until they meet the requirements of voluntariness, safety and dignity, and the international community should provide more support to Kenya and Somalia, including assistance for refugees and IDPs.

Recognising Nairobi’s Refugees

Urban solutions and programming | November 2017 | NRC

This report provides a snapshot of the challenges urban refugees have experienced—generally from 2014 onwards—obtaining documents from the Government of Kenya or UNHCR in Nairobi that recognise their status as refugees. It also explores the significance of these documents to refugees and the consequences that flow from lack of documentation.

Livelihoods in displacement

Self-reliance/ refugees’ economies | September 2017 | ODI

Over 65 million people are currently displaced, including more than 21 million refugees to date. 86% of the world’s refugees are being hosted in developing regions. This paper sets out to identify the different ways in which the lives and livelihoods of refugees residing outside camps in protracted displacement can be better supported. It also explores varying opportunities to better support refugees’ livelihoods.

Durable Solutions in Practice

Local integration and transitional solutions | September 2017 | GCER

This handbook aims at providing a practical methodology for a bottom-up approach to durable solutions planning, based on durable solutions targets identified by displacement affected communities at decentralized level, in post-conflict or post-disaster settings. It is developed in response to the feedback received on the use of the Preliminary Operational Guide on Durable Solutions which was published in 2016 in implementation of the 2011 Decision of the Secretary-General on Durable Solutions calling for guidance in developing durable solutions strategies for IDPs and returning refugees.

Breaking the impasse

Internal displacement | August 2017 | OCHA

This study presents evidence that protracted internal displacement is primarily a development and political challenge with humanitarian elements. Displacement-affected countries will not be able to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals—including critical goals on poverty, education and gender equality—without addressing protracted internal displacement. According to the authors, a new approach is needed to address both the short- and long-term needs of IDPs and host communities. Governments, development and humanitarian actors and donors must work together to achieve context-specific, clear and measurable collective outcomes that reduce vulnerabilities and support solutions to protracted internal displacement. The proposed approach echoes many of the key elements put forward in the New Way of Working, which calls for the pursuit of collective outcomes that reduce needs, risk and vulnerability.

Daadab Returnee Conflict Assessment

Return and reintegration processes | August 2017 | DDG/DRC

This study explores the expected impact of the return of up to 260,000 Somali refugees on conflicts and social and political tensions in Somalia. The purpose of the report is to provide Somali authorities and international humanitarian actors with guidance to ensure assistance to and policies toward returnees are conflict-sensitive and do not accidentally trigger violence.

Internal displacement and the 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development

Internal displacement and development | July 2017 | IDMC

This briefing paper focuses on the 2030 Agenda principle of “leaving no one behind” and how countries can ensure displacement does not undermine the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)