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A systematic review of the drivers of violence against displaced populations in urban crisis

Solutions in urban contexts | January 2017 | International Rescue Committee

This report provides a systematic review of how urban displaced are exposed to drivers of violence unique to urban areas as well as others shared across a variety of humanitarian settings, including refugee camps.

Africa Report on Internal Displacement

Internal displacement development | December 2016 | IDMC

Launched with the support from the African Union and the Norwegian Refugee Council, the report focusing on Africa, expands on data and analysis available on Internal Displacement including new figures from the first half of 2016.

Refugee Returns to Towns and Cities in Rwanda and Côte d’Ivoire

Solutions in urban contexts | December 2016 | Church World Service

This report draws on interviews and household surveys with urban returnees in Côte d’Ivoire and Rwanda, with the goal of identifying links between urbanization and return dynamics in town and small city contexts. The data collected indicates that urbanization is occurring from the point of flight into country of asylum and secondary displacement in exile, through to returns to country of origin and post-return internal migration.

Nowhere else to go

Return and reintegration processes | November 2016 | Amnesty International

This report calls for the government of Kenya to immediately halt the return process and for UNHCR and the international community to stop facilitating it but rather support longer term sustainable solutions for Somali and other refugees in Kenya, including opportunities to integrate into host communities and significantly increased resettlement places to meaningfully share responsibility with Kenya.

Local communities: first and last providers of protection

Local Integration and Transitional Solutions | October 2016 | Forced Migration Review

In the 23 feature theme articles in this issue of FMR, authors from around the world – including authors who are themselves displaced – explore the capacity of communities to organise themselves before, during and after displacement in ways that help protect the community.

Dadaab to Somalia

Return and reintegration processes | October 2016 | Médecins Sans Frontières

More than eight out of ten refugees surveyed say they do not want to return, with the main concerns cited including fear of forced recruitment into armed groups, sexual violence and the non-availability of healthcare. The report calls to Kenya, the UNHCR and donors that consideration of other durable solutions is urgently required.

Informal versus formal infrastructure energy and water systems in the Kakuma refugee camps, Kenya

Local integration and transitional solutions | October 2016 | Oxford Refugee Studies Centre

Findings from this study show that the form of infrastructure available in a camp has implications for safety and sustainability, refugee livelihoods, and refugee-host relations. Interventions to improve resource provision and camp infrastructure must consider the various consequences for differently positioned actors.

Economic impact of refugee settlements in Uganda

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | October 2016 | WFP

This study conducted in Uganda has found that humanitarian assistance for refugees creates significant economic benefits for the local economy, and these benefits are greater when the assistance is in the form of cash transfers and land for agricultural production.

Refugee economies in Kenya

Self Reliance/Refugeees' Economies | October 2016 | Oxford Refugee Studies Centre

This paper is based on preliminary fieldwork in Kenya conducted as part of ‘Refugee Economies’ research led by the Humanitarian Innovation Project (HIP) in order to better understand and support the economic lives of refugees. The paper looked at a.) what types of livelihoods strategies are employed by refugees living in Nairobi and Kakuma refugee camp and b.) what are the potential factors that differentiate refugees’ economic lives from local host communities and amongst different refugee populations.

Informal versus formal infrastructure energy and water systems in Kakuma refugee camps

Local integration and transitional solutions | October 2016 | Oxford Refugee Studies Centres

Findings from this study show that the form of infrastructure available in a camp has implications for safety and sustainability, refugee livelihoods, and refugee-host relations. Interventions to improve resource provision and camp infrastructure must consider the various consequences for differently positioned actors