Lessons learned from the EU REINTEG Durable solutions consortia (2017-2020)

In recent years, momentum at the political and policy levels on durable solutions has been matched by an expansion of the range and scale of durable solutions programming in Somalia. The European Union-funded RE-INTEG Programme (RE-INTEG) is a multi-year programme focused on the sustainable (re)integration of IDPs and returnees in Somalia. RE-INTEG was followed by two further durable solutions-focused programmes: the Danwadaag Solutions Consortium and the Durable Solutions Programme, funded by DfID and Danida respectively, and implemented by many of the agencies engaged in RE-INTEG.

The objective of this report is to document learning and promising practices from the EU RE-INTEG NGO-led programmes.  Its scope is limited to the programmes implemented by the Jubaland Solutions Consortium (JSC), Enhancing Integration of Displacement Affected Communities in Somalia (EIDACS), and Somaliland Durable Solutions Consortium (SDSC) consortia. The learning documented in this report focuses on the following 4 areas:

  • Programme strategy and approach, including the use of the IASC indicators
  • Programme consortium governance structures and coordination within/between consortia
  • Engagement with critical durable solutions stakeholders, particularly government representatives and displacement-affected communities (DACs)
  • Learning and programme adaptation.

Click here for the report and below for 3 case studies focusing on:

ReDSS 2019 Solutions analyses update case study extracts

In order to help you navigate the dense full Solutions analysis report that was published earlier this year, we have divided into 5 parts structured around case studies on the following durable solutions programming principles:

ReDSS Ethiopia key messages ahead of the Global Refugee Forum preparations

In partnership with its members, ReDSS has developed a key messaging document to support preparations to participate in government-led GRF consultation processes. It both serves as a guide in terms of coherent messaging during consultative processes but also to key stakeholders (donors, development and humanitarian actors, civil society etc.) to support a common agenda and encourage the development of supporting (joint) pledges and contributions. Messaging for Somalia and Kenya will be shared soon.

Adoption of durable solutions programming principles by the Federal Government of Somalia

These principles were first formulated in 2016/2017 by ReDSS and its partners. They were revised jointly with NGOs and UN agencies in 2018, coordinated by ReDSS and the Somalia UN Resident Coordinator Office with the objective to harmonize them. They draw on the partner experiences and learning in implementing durable solutions projects. Over time, these principles have proven to be a good tool for increased coherence in the design of projects and programmes. The principles have been endorsed and adopted by the Federal Government of Somalia. Click here for the programming principles.

Annual aspirations analyses to inform DS programming & policies in Baidoa, Kismayo, Mogadishu, Dollow

The Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS) has commissioned Impact Initiative to develop and pilot a people-centered survey methodology to understand intentions and aspirations vis-à-vis durable solutions, as well as inter-community dynamics and relations, in displacement-affected communities. This will be used annually as a longitudinal survey in Baidoa, Kismayo, Dollow and Mogadishu. Survey data will help to inform the design and adaptation of solutions-oriented policies and programming.

The objectives of the aspirations survey are to better understand:

  • the aspirations, intentions and push and pull factors of displacement affected communities
  • the underlying issues that influence processes of displacement, return and (re)integration
  • the factors that shape people’s decisions to move and the impact on the wider communities

Based on the survey findings, workshops will be conducted bringing policy makers and practitioners together to inform collective analysis/ common understanding of the different factors that shape displacement, return and (re)integration in Somalia to adapt and improve durable solutions programing:

  • What are profiles, aspirations, intentions and push and pull factors of host, returnees and IDP populations?
  • What are the underlying issues that influence processes of displacement, return and (re)integration?
  • What factors shape people’s decisions concerning displacement, return and (re)integration in these 4 locations?
  • What is the impact of displacement, return and (re)integration on the wider community?
  • Priorities and recommendations would also be used to inform and contribute to National Development Plan, draft National Policy on Internal Displacement, local development and urbanization/space planning documents and other appropriate policies.

The information coming from the survey will be reviewed together with stakeholders to inform a common understanding and develop joint analysis and recommendations to adapt programs. The aspirations survey is not intended to monitor the 28 IASC/ReDSS solutions framework indicators. This is done through the solutions analysis using secondary data available. The survey will not be able to inform IDP figures in the locations as only selected displacement affected communities will be part of the exercise.

Click here for the one pager, click here a comparative analysis and summary presentations of the findings from Kismayo, Baidoa and Mogadishu.

ReDSS Update on the Global Refugee Forum

Click here for a special update, you will find information on the preparations for the Global Refugee Forum (GRF), recent IGAD 2nd Inter-Ministerial Stocktaking Meeting and other upcoming events and useful resources.

ReDSS Global Refugee Forum Briefing Paper

Click here for a ReDSS briefing paper that outlines the background, opportunities and suggestions for strategic civil society engagement ahead of the Global Refugee Forum.

Online evaluation on ReDSS research and learning products

ReDSS would like to invite you to participate in a very short online evaluation that we are conducting in order to help us assess how our various partners are using our research and learning products. Please click here to participate in the evaluation. It takes only 5 min max!

This feedback is critical to ensure that we are able to measure the impact of the tools and to further improve them based on your needs.

We look forward to your participation and feedback!

Regional program learning workshop, Nairobi, June 26-27

Collective efforts in the search for durable solutions have led to long-term programming with long-term funding for different organisations working in this area. There has been increased more engagement from development actors who are committed to support both displaced and host communities in various ways. Together with leadership from regional organisations such as IGAD and respective national governments, actors have been able to monitor progress on being made with the implementation the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and address related challenges. Nevertheless, better understanding in development programming is still required to fully comprehend what protection means and how to measure progress towards durable solutions with regards to the needs of displaced communities.

In June 2019, the Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS) organised a learning workshop in Nairobi. The purpose of this workshop was to discuss emerging trends in durable solutions programming in the Horn of Africa. The objectives of the event were to create a common agenda and understanding on durable solutions, with expert stakeholders, which would also help in setting the agenda for the first Global Refugee Forum (GRF) to be held in December 2019. During the two-day workshop, panel discussions and working groups were used to discuss thematic and process-oriented issues in durable solutions programming.

Over 100 participants from government, humanitarian and development actors, academia and private sector from Kenya, Somalia, Uganda and Ethiopia attended the event. Click here for the workshop report, here for outcomes and here for the agenda, various presentations and participants’ list.

Kenya discussion on long-term solutions for Daadab Refugee Camp

Click here for ReDSS solutions paper for Dadaab, which aims at providing discussion points and recommendations in support of long-term solutions for displacement affected communities in Dadaab. The paper highlights 4 main solutions:
  • Return and (re) integration in Somalia – invest in sustainable reintegration based on lessons learnt from 2016/2017
  • Explore viable alternatives to encampment to support greater socio-economic inclusion with favorable outcomes for both refugees and host communities
  • Support host community and local authorities on the impacts that the closure of Dadaab would have for them (economic, social, environmental including on existing infrastructure and services)
  • Call for international responsibility sharing and use of the Global Compact on Refugees