Kenya discussion on long-term solutions for Daadab Refugee Camp

Click here for ReDSS solutions paper for Dadaab, which aims at providing discussion points and recommendations in support of long-term solutions for displacement affected communities in Dadaab. The paper highlights 4 main solutions:
  • Return and (re) integration in Somalia – invest in sustainable reintegration based on lessons learnt from 2016/2017
  • Explore viable alternatives to encampment to support greater socio-economic inclusion with favorable outcomes for both refugees and host communities
  • Support host community and local authorities on the impacts that the closure of Dadaab would have for them (economic, social, environmental including on existing infrastructure and services)
  • Call for international responsibility sharing and use of the Global Compact on Refugees

New publication: Solutions analysis update 2019- Mogadishu, Kismayo and Baidoa

Click here for full report with executive summary, here for overall solutions frameworks and here for summary PWP presentation (the report has an interactive table of contents with clickable links for each section)

  • PART A of the report reviews progress and challenges related to durable solutions planning and programming. Discussion is structured around four key durable solutions programming principles: 1) area-based planning; 2) sustainable (re)integration; 3) collective outcomes and coordination; and 4) government engagement. It also includes eight case studies that reflect key lessons learnt from practice.
  • PART B offers an updated criteria rating for each of the locations based on the ReDSS Solutions Framework

A workshop on April 30th was organized in Mogadishu to discuss key findings and recommendations and reflect on how to inform and adapt durable solutions programming. Similar workshops will be held in Kismayo and Baidoa with local authorities and stakeholders in  June.  This research was conducted in partnership with the EU RE-INTEG, Durable Solutions Programme and Danwadaag Solutions Consortium partners, with the financial support from ECHO, Danida and DFID.

New publication: Results and findings from citizen-led discussions on displacement and durable solutions in Mogadishu

This report outlines the first iteration of the Common Social Accountability Platform (CSAP), developed by Africa’s Voices Foundation (AVF) and launched in partnership with ReDSS and the Banadir Regional Administration (BRA) with the financial support from Danida, DFID and ECHO. The platform was mobilised for a four-part interactive radio series designed to build public dialogue in Mogadishu on critical displacement topics and to gather public opinion to inform ongoing durable solutions programmes and decision-making. This report documents the results and presents the findings of the interactive radio dialogue pilot project implemented using CSAP.

CSAP is built on an interactive radio method used by AVF: radio debate shows driven by citizen input sent in by SMS, or text messages. CSAP has two primary goals. First, it is designed to tackle a crucial gap in connecting Somali citizens to decision-making by maximising the scale and inclusivity of dialogue between citizens and authorities. Second, CSAP provides a robust digital platform to gather and analyse evidence on citizen perspectives, as articulated in SMS responses and feedback to the specific questions posed during the interactive radio show series. By using one common platform for building social accountability, CSAP intends to strengthen the Somali social accountability ecosystem by engaging citizens in spaces they value, outside the mandate of any single programme or organisation.

Click here to access full report and here for summary PWP

Are integrated services a step towards integration in Northern Uganda?

ReDSS on behalf of the European Union Trust Fund (EUTF) consortium in Uganda comprising of DRC, CEFORD, Save the Children and ZOA implementing programmes under the support programme for refugees and host communities in Northern Uganda (SPRS-NU), is very pleased to share with you its study ‘Are integrated services a step towards integration?’ 

The study examines whether, and in what ways, integrated services contribute to better outcomes for refugees who are in situation of protracted displacement in Northern Uganda. Focusing in particular on host community-refugee relations as instrumental to refugee- hosting conditions, it examines how the policy of integrated services to refugees and their host has been applied and analyses the longer-term implications of this approach. Three main issues are considered:

  • What is the current policy in terms of shared services to host and refugee communities in Uganda and how has this been applied in practice?
  • From the perspective of refugees and host populations, what are the social and economic implications of shared services? Do they contribute to more positive relationships and greater economic engagement?
  • What are the longer-term implications of an integrated service delivery model for refugee hosting in Uganda, including links to the integration of refugees into Uganda?

Qualitative research undertaken in Adjumani and Rhino Camp settlements, and surrounding host community villages and parishes, comprise the primary data upon which this report is based. Education and livelihood are explored as two examples of shared services.

Operational learning workshops with practitioners and policy- makers will take place in late March and April in Adjumani and Kampala to discuss how to adapt programming and policies based on findings and recommendations. Feedback sessions with displacement-affected communities in Adjumani will also take place at the end of March.

Click here to access the full report with executive summary and here power point presentation on key findings and recommendations.

ReDSS 2020 Strategy

The search for durable solutions to the protracted displacement situation in East Africa and the Horn of Africa is a key humanitarian and development concern. This is a regional and cross-border issue, with a strong political dimension, which demands a multi-sector response that goes beyond the existing humanitarian agenda.

The Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS) was created in 2015 with the aim of maintaining focused momentum and stakeholder engagement towards durable solutions for displacement-affected communities in East Africa and the Horn of Africa. ReDSS comprises 13 NGOs: ACTED, CARE International, Concern Worldwide, DRC, IRC, INTERSOS, Mercy Corps, NRC, OXFAM, RCK, Save the Children, World Vision and LWF. The DRC, IRC and NRC form the ReDSS steering committee.

  • GOAL: Improved durable solutions programming and policies that increases the potential for displacement affected communities to integrate sustainably and to live safe, dignified and productive lives in East and Horn of Africa
  • VISION: Durable solutions for displacement affected communities are achieved through the sustained commitment and collective efforts of diverse actors in East and Horn of Africa

Click here to download ReDSS full 2020 strategy

Somaliland Solutions analysis

The objective of the analysis is to better understand the gaps and opportunities for (re)integration of IDPs. The methodology used the ReDSS Solutions framework matrix and the analysis was developed through a participatory and consensus building approach – including consultations and validation workshops with displacement affected communities, policy makers and practitioners. The analysis was funded by the European Union and the Danish Embassy for Kenya and Somalia.

Click below to access:

ReDSS bi-monthly update September 2018

In this bi-monthly update, you will find information about ReDSS 2018 highlights and key achievements, the first evidence-learning week in Somalia, ongoing and upcoming longitudinal studies in the region, the increased capacity of ReDSS Ethiopia and Somalia to support locally led solutions processes, as well as other useful resources.

Click on the links below to see:

Click here to read the full update and here for other updates

An adaptive and participatory approach to inform durable solutions processes

The search for durable solutions to protracted displacement in the East and Horn of Africa is a regional and cross-border issue, with a strong political dimension. It demands a multi-sectoral response that goes beyond the existing humanitarian agenda. A consistent problem in the response to protracted displacement is the lack of a common framework and outcomes indicators relevant to solutions and a joint understanding of the drivers (and the construct) of solutions. This challenge makes it difficult to generate relevant data and analysis to identify displacement-specific protection and assistance needs to inform decision-making in collective responses. One of ReDSS’ first initiatives in 2015 aimed to address this problem. Inspired and informed by the IASC Framework, member agencies developed the ReDSS Durable Solutions Framework and its theory of change. The ReDSS Framework is a practical, easy-to-use rapid analysis tool with a very simple visual. It is used as part of a solutions analysis process, which enables users to answer the following questions:

  • What are the barriers/opportunities for durable solutions?
  • To what extent have durable solutions been achieved?
  • What changes to policy and practice are required to advance progress towards durable solutions?
  • Where to focus and prioritize investments based on gaps and challenges identified?

The ReDSS framework can be used by practitioners and policy-makers to tailor programming and policies according to a common logical framework around solutions and based on a collective analysis. It represents a unique way of informing joint planning at the granular level in a holistic and comprehensive manner across sectors and actors. It has been used in IDP and refugee contexts, as well as situations of return for both IDPs and refugees and in camp, out-of-camp and urban contexts in Uganda, Somalia, Tanzania and Ethiopia. A strong emphasis has been placed on a collaborative and consensus building approach, engaging humanitarian, development and governmental actors, as well as displacement-affected communities to develop a common analysis. The participatory process in which the tool is used is key to ensuring its relevance and appropriateness, including learning from challenges and managing different opinions and perspectives to reach a joint analysis. Click:

  • here to read more on key learning generated from these efforts
  • here to download ReDSS solutions framework and its theory of change
  • here for the solutions guidance package and tools


Longitudinal Solutions analyses Baidoa, Kismayo and Mogadishu

Building on the 2016/17 Somalia Solutions analyses, the Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS) has commissioned Samuel Hall to:

  1. Review the uptake and impacts of the recommendations from the first Solutions analyses to see to what extent those have informed durable solutions planning, programing and policies, and share lessons learnt
  2. Update the Solutions analyses for Bay, Benadir and Lower Juba, in order to assess progress and challenges since February 2017 and this will be conducted on an annual basis over the next 4 years to have better longitudinal analyses in these locations (the update will be based on the ReDSS solutions framework’s environmental analysis and 8 criteria – not on specific indicators

This exercise will be conducted on an annual basis over the next four years to have better longitudinal analyses in these locations. Through the work proposed, solution-oriented planning and programming will be benefit from the availability of disaggregated data on 1) the aspirations of displacement-affected communities regarding their future and 2) the dynamics and relationships between different groups living in the displacement-affected community. Click here for the terms of reference and open call for tenders. For further information or to be involved in the study, kindly contact Rufus Karanja (

Longitudinal aspirations analyses to inform DS programming & policies in Baidoa, Kismayo, Mogadishu, Dollow

The Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS) has commissioned REACH Initiative to develop and pilot a people-centered survey methodology to understand intentions and aspirations vis-à-vis durable solutions, as well as inter-community dynamics and relations, in displacement-affected communities. This will be used annually as a longitudinal survey in Baidoa, Kismayo, Dollow and Mogadishu. Survey data will help to inform the design and adaptation of solutions-oriented policies and programming.

The survey will aim at providing contextualized and evidence-based disaggregated data and information. It will focus on the following:
Aspirations vis-à-vis durable solutions:

  • Respondents’ preferences in terms of durable solutions process (local integration, return, resettlement) and its location
  • The reasons (push and pull factors) that influence their decisions around movement
  • Factors that would contribute to the realization and sustainability of their preferred solution

Dynamics and relations with displacement affected communities:

  • Perceptions of relations within and between different groups within the displacement affected communities (DAC: IDPs, returnees, host community)
  • Perceptions of relations between community members and local institutions
  • Perceptions on other relations/dynamics with the DAC
  • Respondents’ social networks in the displacement-affected community and elsewhere

Based on the survey findings, workshops will be conducted bringing policy makers and practitioners together to inform collective analysis/ common understanding of the different factors that shape displacement, return and (re)integration in Somalia to adapt and improve durable solutions programing:

  • What are profiles, aspirations, intentions and push and pull factors of host, returnees and IDP populations?
  • What are the underlying issues that influence processes of displacement, return and (re)integration?
  • What factors shape people’s decisions concerning displacement, return and (re)integration in these 4 locations?
  • What is the impact of displacement, return and (re)integration on the wider community?
  • Priorities and recommendations would also be used to inform and contribute to National Development Plan, draft National Policy on Internal Displacement, local development and urbanization/space planning documents and other appropriate policies.

Click here for the terms of reference and for further information or to be involved in the process, kindly contact Rufus Karanja (