Lessons learned from the EU REINTEG Durable solutions consortia (2017-2020)

In recent years, momentum at the political and policy levels on durable solutions has been matched by an expansion of the range and scale of durable solutions programming in Somalia. The European Union-funded RE-INTEG Programme (RE-INTEG) is a multi-year programme focused on the sustainable (re)integration of IDPs and returnees in Somalia. RE-INTEG was followed by two further durable solutions-focused programmes: the Danwadaag Solutions Consortium and the Durable Solutions Programme, funded by DfID and Danida respectively, and implemented by many of the agencies engaged in RE-INTEG.

The objective of this report is to document learning and promising practices from the EU RE-INTEG NGO-led programmes.  Its scope is limited to the programmes implemented by the Jubaland Solutions Consortium (JSC), Enhancing Integration of Displacement Affected Communities in Somalia (EIDACS), and Somaliland Durable Solutions Consortium (SDSC) consortia. The learning documented in this report focuses on the following 4 areas:

  • Programme strategy and approach, including the use of the IASC indicators
  • Programme consortium governance structures and coordination within/between consortia
  • Engagement with critical durable solutions stakeholders, particularly government representatives and displacement-affected communities (DACs)
  • Learning and programme adaptation.

Click here for the report and below for 3 case studies focusing on:

ReDSS Ethiopia key messages ahead of the Global Refugee Forum preparations

In partnership with its members, ReDSS has developed a key messaging document to support preparations to participate in government-led GRF consultation processes. It both serves as a guide in terms of coherent messaging during consultative processes but also to key stakeholders (donors, development and humanitarian actors, civil society etc.) to support a common agenda and encourage the development of supporting (joint) pledges and contributions. Messaging for Somalia and Kenya will be shared soon.

Annual aspirations analyses to inform DS programming & policies in Baidoa, Kismayo, Mogadishu, Dollow

The Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS) has commissioned Impact Initiative to develop and pilot a people-centered survey methodology to understand intentions and aspirations vis-à-vis durable solutions, as well as inter-community dynamics and relations, in displacement-affected communities. This will be used annually as a longitudinal survey in Baidoa, Kismayo, Dollow and Mogadishu. Survey data will help to inform the design and adaptation of solutions-oriented policies and programming.

The objectives of the aspirations survey are to better understand:

  • the aspirations, intentions and push and pull factors of displacement affected communities
  • the underlying issues that influence processes of displacement, return and (re)integration
  • the factors that shape people’s decisions to move and the impact on the wider communities

Based on the survey findings, workshops will be conducted bringing policy makers and practitioners together to inform collective analysis/ common understanding of the different factors that shape displacement, return and (re)integration in Somalia to adapt and improve durable solutions programing:

  • What are profiles, aspirations, intentions and push and pull factors of host, returnees and IDP populations?
  • What are the underlying issues that influence processes of displacement, return and (re)integration?
  • What factors shape people’s decisions concerning displacement, return and (re)integration in these 4 locations?
  • What is the impact of displacement, return and (re)integration on the wider community?
  • Priorities and recommendations would also be used to inform and contribute to National Development Plan, draft National Policy on Internal Displacement, local development and urbanization/space planning documents and other appropriate policies.

The information coming from the survey will be reviewed together with stakeholders to inform a common understanding and develop joint analysis and recommendations to adapt programs. The aspirations survey is not intended to monitor the 28 IASC/ReDSS solutions framework indicators. This is done through the solutions analysis using secondary data available. The survey will not be able to inform IDP figures in the locations as only selected displacement affected communities will be part of the exercise.

Click here for the one pager, click here a comparative analysis and summary presentations of the findings from Kismayo, Baidoa and Mogadishu. For more information, kindly contact Rufus Karanja r.karanja@regionaldss.org.

ReDSS Update on the Global Refugee Forum

Click here for a special update, you will find information on the preparations for the Global Refugee Forum (GRF), recent IGAD 2nd Inter-Ministerial Stocktaking Meeting and other upcoming events and useful resources.

ReDSS Global Refugee Forum Briefing Paper

Click here for a ReDSS briefing paper that outlines the background, opportunities and suggestions for strategic civil society engagement ahead of the Global Refugee Forum.

Online evaluation on ReDSS research and learning products

ReDSS would like to invite you to participate in a very short online evaluation that we are conducting in order to help us assess how our various partners are using our research and learning products. Please click here to participate in the evaluation. It takes only 5 min max!

This feedback is critical to ensure that we are able to measure the impact of the tools and to further improve them based on your needs.

We look forward to your participation and feedback!

Kenya discussion on long-term solutions for Daadab Refugee Camp

Click here for ReDSS solutions paper for Dadaab, which aims at providing discussion points and recommendations in support of long-term solutions for displacement affected communities in Dadaab. The paper highlights 4 main solutions:
  • Return and (re) integration in Somalia – invest in sustainable reintegration based on lessons learnt from 2016/2017
  • Explore viable alternatives to encampment to support greater socio-economic inclusion with favorable outcomes for both refugees and host communities
  • Support host community and local authorities on the impacts that the closure of Dadaab would have for them (economic, social, environmental including on existing infrastructure and services)
  • Call for international responsibility sharing and use of the Global Compact on Refugees

New publication: Solutions analysis update 2019- Mogadishu, Kismayo and Baidoa

Click here for full report with executive summary, here for overall solutions frameworks and here for summary PWP presentation (the report has an interactive table of contents with clickable links for each section)

  • PART A of the report reviews progress and challenges related to durable solutions planning and programming. Discussion is structured around four key durable solutions programming principles: 1) area-based planning; 2) sustainable (re)integration; 3) collective outcomes and coordination; and 4) government engagement. It also includes eight case studies that reflect key lessons learnt from practice.
  • PART B offers an updated criteria rating for each of the locations based on the ReDSS Solutions Framework

A workshop on April 30th was organized in Mogadishu to discuss key findings and recommendations and reflect on how to inform and adapt durable solutions programming. Similar workshops will be held in Kismayo and Baidoa with local authorities and stakeholders in  June.  This research was conducted in partnership with the EU RE-INTEG, Durable Solutions Programme and Danwadaag Solutions Consortium partners, with the financial support from ECHO, Danida and DFID.

Results and findings from citizen-led discussions on displacement and durable solutions in Mogadishu: Common Social accountability platform

This report outlines the first iteration of the Common Social Accountability Platform (CSAP), developed by Africa’s Voices Foundation (AVF) and launched in partnership with ReDSS and the Banadir Regional Administration (BRA) with the financial support from Danida, DFID and ECHO. The platform was mobilised for a four-part interactive radio series designed to build public dialogue in Mogadishu on critical displacement topics and to gather public opinion to inform ongoing durable solutions programmes and decision-making. This report documents the results and presents the findings of the interactive radio dialogue pilot project implemented using CSAP.

CSAP is built on an interactive radio method used by AVF: radio debate shows driven by citizen input sent in by SMS, or text messages. CSAP has two primary goals. First, it is designed to tackle a crucial gap in connecting Somali citizens to decision-making by maximising the scale and inclusivity of dialogue between citizens and authorities. Second, CSAP provides a robust digital platform to gather and analyse evidence on citizen perspectives, as articulated in SMS responses and feedback to the specific questions posed during the interactive radio show series. By using one common platform for building social accountability, CSAP intends to strengthen the Somali social accountability ecosystem by engaging citizens in spaces they value, outside the mandate of any single programme or organisation.

Click here to access full report and here for summary PWP

Are integrated services a step towards integration in Northern Uganda?

ReDSS on behalf of the European Union Trust Fund (EUTF) consortium in Uganda comprising of DRC, CEFORD, Save the Children and ZOA implementing programmes under the support programme for refugees and host communities in Northern Uganda (SPRS-NU), is very pleased to share with you its study ‘Are integrated services a step towards integration?’ 

The study examines whether, and in what ways, integrated services contribute to better outcomes for refugees who are in situation of protracted displacement in Northern Uganda. Focusing in particular on host community-refugee relations as instrumental to refugee- hosting conditions, it examines how the policy of integrated services to refugees and their host has been applied and analyses the longer-term implications of this approach. Three main issues are considered:

  • What is the current policy in terms of shared services to host and refugee communities in Uganda and how has this been applied in practice?
  • From the perspective of refugees and host populations, what are the social and economic implications of shared services? Do they contribute to more positive relationships and greater economic engagement?
  • What are the longer-term implications of an integrated service delivery model for refugee hosting in Uganda, including links to the integration of refugees into Uganda?

Qualitative research undertaken in Adjumani and Rhino Camp settlements, and surrounding host community villages and parishes, comprise the primary data upon which this report is based. Education and livelihood are explored as two examples of shared services.

Operational learning workshops with practitioners and policy- makers will take place in late March and April in Adjumani and Kampala to discuss how to adapt programming and policies based on findings and recommendations. Feedback sessions with displacement-affected communities in Adjumani will also take place at the end of March.

Click here to access the full report with executive summary and here power point presentation on key findings and recommendations.