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Weak links: Challenging the climate & mixed migration paradigm in the Horn of Africa & Yemen

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | February 2020 | MMC | Regional | Research Reports and Studies

This paper will show that although conditions in the Horn of Africa and Yemen are variously characterised by conflict, authoritarian regimes, poor governance, poverty, and mass displacement, along with harsh environments that produce negative climate change impacts, there is scant evidence that these impacts cause intercontinental and interregional mixed migration. The linkages are hard to locate. Climate change and environmental stressors cannot easily be disaggregated from the wide range of factors affecting populations, and even where some disaggregation is evident the results are not seen in the volume, direction, or destination choices of those affected.

Comparative experiences on preventing, addressing and resolving internal displacement

Internal displacement | September 2019 | IGAD | Regional | Research Reports and Studies

This exchange was held under the framework of IGAD’s Regional Consultative Process (RCP) on Migration established in 2008 by its Committee of Ministers. An open platform to discuss and advance migration issues in the region, this 12th RCP meeting was the first to focus exclusively on internal displacement. It attracted the highest number of participants yet, demonstrating keen interest in the topic. The objectives of the event were to take stock, draw lessons and document practices on supporting resilience and protection of IDPs and achieving durable solutions to internal displacement. A background paper on experiences in supporting resilience and durable solutions to internal displacement in the IGAD region was prepared by IGAD ahead of the meeting to provide the basis for discussion.

ICVA webpage on COVID-19 related resources

COVID-19 | March 2020 | ICVA | Regional | Webpage

This page has a collection of guidelines, tools, statements, papers and useful links which are relevant to the current COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 control in low-income settings and displaced populations: what can realistically be done?

COVID-19 | March 2020 | LSHTM | Regional | Articles

While modelling predictions suggest that uncontrolled or even partially mitigated COVID-19 epidemics in high-income countries could lead to substantial excess mortality, the virus’ impact on people living in low-income settings or affected by humanitarian crises could potentially be even more severe. Three mechanisms could determine this: (i) higher transmissibility due to larger household sizes, intense social mixing between the young and elderly overcrowding in urban slums and displaced people’s camps, inadequate water and sanitation, and specific cultural and faith practices such as mass prayer gatherings, large weddings and funerals during which super-spreading events might propagate transmission disproportionately; (ii) higher infection-to-case ratios and progression to severe disease due to the virus’ interaction with highly prevalent co-morbidities, including non-communicable diseases; prevalence of hypertension and diabetes is often higher in low- than high-income settings, with a far lower treatment coverage, under nutrition, tuberculosis and HIV; and (iii) higher case-fatality due to a dire lack of intensive care capacity, especially outside large cities.

Unbundled: A framework for connecting safety nets and humanitarian assistance in refugee settings

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | September 2019 | World Bank | Regional | Briefing Paper

Against such backdrop, the framework laid out in this paper attempts to facilitate the identification of workable pathways for progress among actors. Instead of framing the humanitarian-social protection links as an ‘either-or’, the framework unbundles the variety of ways and options that actors can consider for better connecting humanitarian and social protection approaches. This includes a more granular understanding of how collaborations may emerge around select programmatic functions, as well as the degrees of possible connection between national and international support within a given function. These are not just analytical propositions, but practices already emerging from countries like Turkey and Lebanon.

Strengthening social cohesion

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | March 2020 | UNDP | Regional | Research studies and reports

Strengthening social cohesion has become an imperative of the 21st century. As we move into the 2020s, widespread concern exists about worsening conditions of conflict that threaten respect for diversity, inclusivity and fundamental human rights.A sharpening of identity-based tensions, such as ethnic and religious enmity, xenophobia, and resurgent, exclusive nationalism, underlie these conflicts. In April 2019, United Nations (UN) Secretary-General António Guterres decried this “disturbing groundswell” of strife accelerated, in part, by hate speech and leading to intolerance and violence.

On the front lines of the fight against poverty

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | March 2020 | World Bank | Regional | Research studies and reports

The book addresses policy makers and their technical teams, global and national development practitioners, advocates, and all those with a stake in stopping extreme poverty from disfiguring human lives. The book aims to show why addressing fragility and conflict is critical for poverty goals. It presents new estimates of welfare in economies in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS), filling gaps in previous knowledge, and analyzes the multidimensional nature of poverty in these settings. It discusses the long-term consequences of conflict and introduces a data-driven classification of countries by fragility profile, showing opportunities for tailored policy interventions and the need for monitoring different markers of fragility

Evidence-based operational responses to mixed migration: challenges and best practice

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | January 2020 | MMC | Regional | Briefing Paper

The study used a desk review of available literature and key informant interviews to identify best practices and successes in the Danish Refugee Council and other organisations in terms of using data and evidence to inform and improve operational protection responses for people on the move in mixed migration flows. Evidence Aid’s definitions of the five stages within the humanitarian programme cycle were used to assess the application of MMC evidence within the programme cycle and to highlight any gaps. The study also sought to identify specific barriers to practitioners in particular applying MMC data and analysis in operational programme responses.

The ripple effect: economic impacts of internal displacement

Internal displacement | January 2020 | IDMC | Regional | Research studies and reports

The report looks at Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. These four case studies demonstrate the diversity of internal displacement’s consequences and possible responses by governments and their partners in supporting IDPs and host communities. The methodology introduced in this report is designed to provide quantitative findings whenever possible and a more comprehensive picture of the way displacement affects people’s lives and resources. It can inform aid providers’ decisions and help monitor progress. The type of granular insights it provides complements regional and global estimates of the economic impacts of internal displacement with more action-oriented, concrete findings that practitioners can use in their planning and programming.

Comprehensive Refugee Responses in the Horn of Africa

Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework | December 2019 | EU REF | Regional | Research Reports and Studies

This report looks at the progress made in each of our study countries. While giving credit where it is due, we also critically examine the challenges that have been encountered, what has not worked so well, and what remains to be done in the coming months and years.