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Interim protocol on land distribution for housing to eligible refugee-returnees & IDPs

Urban solutions and programming | July 2019 | Federal Government of Somalia | Somalia | Policies

The protocol presents the Federal Government of Somalia’s policy on land distribution for housing to eligible refugee-returnees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).

World Bank Group support in situations involving conflict-induced displacement

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | June 2019 | World Bank | Regional | Research studies and reports

This evaluation’s purpose is to assess the Bank Group’s approach and support to countries hosting IDPs, returnees, and refugees and provide evidence-based lessons to inform the Bank Group’s future role in this area. A fundamental objective of the evaluation is to highlight lessons from the past and emerging lessons from recent experience to facilitate learning and to inform the Bank Group as it moves forward.

New financing partnerships for humanitarian impact

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | January 2019 | HPG | Regional | Research studies and reports

While innovative financing cannot be expected to fill the gap in funding humanitarian needs single handedly, it is clear that the scale and duration of today’s emergencies require creativity, ingenuity and a wider set of partnerships, alliances and solutions. This report makes linked sets of recommendations regarding how to increase investment, and where to invest.

Against the odds: refugee integration in Kenya

Returns and reintegration | December 2018 | HPG | Kenya | Research studies and reports

Kenya was chosen as a case study for the World Commission initiative due to its long history of hosting refugees and the large numbers of refugees in the country. While there is a rich body of literature on refugee management in Kenya, the predominance of an encampment approach since the early 1990s means there is limited literature on integration per se. The case study therefore considers the following questions: 1. What steps towards integration have been possible in Kenya despite the long-term policy of encampment? 2. What have been the key economic, demographic and social impacts of refugees in camps, and in Nairobi on host communities? 3. Which populations or groups have been able to make the greatest progress towards integration, and why?

Urban area-based approaches in post-disaster contexts

Urban solutions and programming | June 2017 | IIED | Regional | Research studies and reports

This guidance note presents ten principles for enacting post-disaster urban ABAs. The principles are organised according to the project management cycle (assessment and design, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation) and are intended for use by humanitarian aid agencies. They are drawn from humanitarian action, and also good practice from developmental approaches that address chronic urban poverty.

Area-based approaches in urban settings compendium of case studies

Urban solutions and programming | May 2019 | Urban settlements working group | Regional | Research studies and reports

This Compendium is a pioneering collection of case studies describing area-based approaches to urban challenges (2010-2019). The case studies were sourced from multiple agencies, collected by the Urban Settlements Working Group of the Global Shelter Cluster, co-chaired by Catholic Relief Services, IMPACT Initiatives and InterAction. The case studies documented here are in responses to both humanitarian crises and developmental challenges and from a mix of contexts such as rapid onset Natural disasters, Conflict induced crisis and effects of Rapid urbanisation. The case studies are organised in three sections according to the administrative scale of project / initiative. From City level scale (C) to District/ Borough scale (D) and to Neighbourhood / ward level (N).

Bridging refugee protection & development: Policy recommendations for applying a development-displacement nexus approach

Humanitarian development nexus | January 2019 | ICMPD | Regional | Research studies and reports

The report begins first with a background to the conceptual basis for the research, including the development-displacement nexus and examples of regional and national programmes developed with this approach. The bulk of the report then follows, outlining policy options related to designing a development-displacement approach, communicating needs and raising awareness, integrating a development perspective into service provision and boosting business and employment. These policy options are complemented by good practice examples from the research and practical guidance for implementation. The final chapter concludes with a summary of main lessons, and opening up to where policy and research can proceed from here.

Private Sector & Refugees Pathways to Scale

Refugee economies | May 2019 | IFC | Regional | Research studies and reports

An increasing number of private sector actors are responding to the refugee crisis. In November 2017, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), in partnership with The Bridgespan Group, began researching these early efforts – aiming both to understand the nature of private sector engagement with refugees and host communities and to derive lessons that could inform future efforts. Across Africa and the Middle East, we identified a nascent yet surprisingly large and growing landscape of more than 170 initiatives. Many have originated in host countries where there is an enabling policy environment – that is, where refugees can participate in economic activities, and are offered opportunities for income-generation and education. Many of these initiatives are early-stage, with promising indicators but still limited evidence of impact on refugees’ lives. This research pointed to a set of common pathways of private sector engagement beyond funding humanitarian assistance.

Displaced and disconnected

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | April 2019 | UNHCR | Regional | Research studies and reports

UNHCR recognizes that one of the ‘hard stops’ in facilitating mobile connectivity and access to finance for displaced populations is non-conducive regulatory environments. In particular, ID-related legal requirements have proven a significant barrier to access. For example, a refugee who cannot legally activate a mobile connection, open a bank account or access a mobile money wallet in his or her own name may be further marginalized and disempowered as access to information, communication, cash assistance, and transfers is severely limited. Moreover, the lack of legal certainty, inconsistently applied regulations or sudden changes in regulatory expectations as regards identification can disrupt the delivery of humanitarian assistance.

Innovative financing for responses to refugee crises

Political economy and discourse on displacement and solutions | March 2019 | IRC | Regional | Research studies and reports

The research conducted in preparation for the Innovation Lab identified five core challenges in financing responses to refugee crises, namely the speed of the arrival of financing, the sustained duration of financing, the use (shape) of financing, the incentivisation of host countries through financing, and the increasing global frequency and severity of crises placing further demand on current humanitarian financing. In this strained financing context, the role of innovative finance has become increasingly important. Innovative financing for responses to refugee crises could include the development of new financial mechanisms, or the adaptation and application of non-traditional mechanisms (particularly those from capital and insurance markets) to meet humanitarian and development financing needs.